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Women in the Graphic Arts Industry

To talk about the role of women within the graphic arts industry, we must take a brief dive in time, at the time of the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century, at that time the participation of women in the industry in general it was limited (not to say prohibited) due to the social and cultural norms of that time, from their birth they were assigned only domestic roles and had little access to education. Likewise, the vast majority of printing presses were family businesses, led by men and only if the man was absent due to some event (travel, illness, death, etc.) did the woman gain control to maintain the family assets, doing so in a clandestine and in many cases under the guardianship of a male member of the family. Holding a management position in those times was unthinkable.

During the Industrial Age (18th century to 20th century), more advanced printing technologies such as lithography and screen printing were developed, opening up new opportunities in areas such as graphic design, typography, illustration and editorial production. However, women still faced very strong barriers to accessing education and, consequently, leadership positions. With the emergence of social movements such as Feminism (20th century), significant changes occurred in society that positively impacted the history of humanity forever. As gender equality was promoted and discriminatory barriers in the workplace were eliminated, women gained greater visibility and recognition, gaining momentum and opening up job opportunities within all types of industries, producing significant cultural changes that led to a greater inclusion in technical and leadership roles. These movements played a crucial role in promoting educational policies and reforms that allowed them to access education on equal terms, establishing training and education initiatives, thus experiencing a radical transformation, opening a range of opportunities within the arts union. graphics in areas such as digital design, prepress, digital printing and project management.

Although in these times, certain challenges may persist in terms of gender equality, significant progress has been made compared to previous decades, which is why currently the representation of women in this sector is 30% throughout the planet and according to studies by the World Manufacturing Foundation (FMM), playing key roles in all aspects of the graphic industry, from the creation of design, production and management.

Thanks to the fight waged by hundreds of unknown heroines in the past, today, we have exceptional women such as Yandra Portela from Industrias Nigua S.A., Maite Fernández from Plásticos Multiform, SAS, Consuelo Sánchez from Multiempaques Dominicana SRL, Maggie Ferrua from Graficos Ferrua, Gwendolyne Tejada from Grafiflex SRL, among many others. They are living proof of what the role of women means within the industry.

Today we have within our reach professionalization opportunities under equal inclusive conditions for all genders who are willing to give their best to diversify, enrich, multiply the evolution and success not only of our union, but of humanity.